In celebration of the World Intellectual Property Day 2020, I put together a quiz.
Take the Intellectual Property (IP) Quiz and grow your IP knowledge especially as it relates to Nigeria.
What day is Intellectual Property day celebrated?
Every April 26, we celebrate World Intellectual Property Day to learn about the role that intellectual property (IP) rights play in encouraging innovation and creativity.
Which of these is an International organization responsible for Intellectual Property
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is the global forum for intellectual property (IP) services, policy, information and cooperation. We are a self-funding agency of the United Nations, with 193 member states. Their mission is to lead the development of a balanced and effective international IP system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all. Their mandate, governing bodies and procedures are set out in the WIPO Convention, which established WIPO in 1967. https://www.wipo.int/portal/en/
Are Intellectual Property Rights intangibles?
Intellectual property rights are intangibles. Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. IP is protected in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance between the interests of innovators and the wider public interest, the IP system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish.
Which type of Intellectual Property protects literal, musical, artistic works, cinematography films, sound recording and broadcast?
Copyright protects original creations in the literary and artistic fields which are fixed in medium from which they can be reproduced, or otherwise communicated. Examples of works protected include; - Literary works (novels, stories, poetical works, plays, computer programmes, letters, encyclopedias, law reports, etc.); - Artistic works (paintings, drawings, maps, plans, woodcuts, works of architecture, sculpture, craftsmanship, etc.); - Musical works (musical notations and compositions); - films; - Sound recordings; and - Broadcasts Titles, ideas, concepts, procedures, short phrases, methods or things of similar nature are not protected by Copyright.
Which statute protect Copyright in Nigeria?
The primary law that protects copyright in Nigeria is the Copyright Act, Cap C28, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004. In addition to the Copyright Act, there are Regulations which have been issued to regulate certain activities undertaken in relation to copyright works. These include; - The Copyright (Optical Discs Plants) Regulations 2006 - Copyright (Collective Management Organizations) Regulations 2007 - Copyright (Levy on Materials) Order 2012
How long does copyright protection last?
Copyright lasts throughout the life of the author and 70 years after. The rights enjoyed by the owner of Copyright are limited. The author of a work does not own his Copyright indefinitely. The author of a literary, artistic or musical work enjoys copyright throughout his lifetime and for 70 years after his death. The work goes to the public domain when the term of protection expires and third parties are allowed free use.
Nigeria have a Copyright eRegistration center?
True, the Nigerian Copyright Commission (NCC) has an online registration through the Nigerian Copyright eRegistration System (NCeRS). https://www.eregistration.copyright.gov.ng/
What protects the intellectual property created by inventors?
Patents protect the intellectual property created by inventors. A patent is the grant by a country to an inventor of a monopoly right to preclude another person from exploiting his invention without his consent for a fixed period. The monopoly is granted in return for the investor making his invention publicly known.
Which statute protect Patent in Nigeria?
The Nigeria law of patents is governed by the Patents and Designs Act 1970, which provides that a patent may be granted for an invention that: (a) is new; (b) involves an inventive step ("not obvious"); (c) is capable of industrial application ("useful"); (d) is not specifically excluded in the Act (e.g. inventions the publication of which may encourage immoral and offensive behaviour). The Government agency that manages the grant of patents is the Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry, Commercial Law Department, Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment. http://www.iponigeria.com/#/
How long do patent protection last?
Patents usually last for 20 years. A Patent expires after 20 years from the date of the filing of the relevant patent application.
What does a trademark protect?
Trademarks protect logos, names, brands, business signs, and symbols. A trade mark is often referred to as a "brand" or "brand name". A trade mark can apply to goods and/or services. A trade mark used in connection with the provision of services may also be referred to as a "service mark." A trade mark is a visible sign that can, in the course of trade, distinguish the goods or services of one trader from those of other traders. Such visible signs may include words, including names, signatures, colours, designs, letters, numbers and the shape of the goods or their packaging or any combination of these.
Catchphrases such as Ooin (You are Doing Well) by Mr. Macaroni or How you doing? By Wendy Williams, “My Oga at the Top” and hastags such as #Metoo can be protected under what Intellectual Property?
These can be protected under Trademark. Coca-Cola specifically registered #cokecanpics, #smilewithacoke and the slogan “Coke is it!” Similarly, other companies like McDonald’s trademarked #McDstories and #makeitcount by Nike. In 2016, Pepsi embarked on a campaign around a trademarked hashtag #sayitwithpepsi, and Walt Disney similarly registered a trademark for the phrase “Hakuna Matata” for their merchandise. Recently, Cardi B, a popular Grammy award winning singer and rapper filed to trademark her famous catchphrase, "Okurrr" which she repeatedly used throughout her Grammy-winning debut album, Invasion of Privacy.
How long do Trademark protection last in Nigeria?
Trademark lasts for period of 7 years and can be renewed after an expiration from time to time. Every subsequent registration lasts for 14 years.
Software is protected under which Intellectual Property in Nigeria?
The Nigerian Copyright Act classifies computer programmes (also referred to as software) as literary works which are eligible for copyright protection. Copyright protects the unique expression of a software programme as described in the source and object codes. A software developer is guaranteed automatic copyright protection in his source and object codes if it is his original work and has been fixed in definite medium of expression now known or later to be developed from which it can be perceived or reproduced either directly or via a device. To enjoy protection, the author or inventor must be a citizen and or domiciled in Nigeria or his work must have been initially published in Nigeria. Software can also be protected under patent law in Nigeria, if it satisfies the basic requirements of patentability. Unlike copyright which protects software codes, patent protects the invention including the method and processes used in developing the software, once they have been fixed in a tangible format. Not all software is eligible for patent protection. Software is eligible for patent protection, if it is new, involves an inventive step that is not obvious to people knowledgeable in the field and is capable of industrial application. It is also eligible for protection if it consists of an improvement on previously patented software and it is also new, involves an inventive step and capable of industrial application.
Which of the following is a geographical indication?
A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production. Some examples include – Darjeeling Tea which originates in Darjeeling India; Cuban cigars which are made from tobacco leaves grown in Cuba and roughly rolled into shape; Champagne which is produced from grapes grown in the Champagne region of France; and, Tequila which is a distilled beverage made from the blue agave plant, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila, Mexico. Ijebu Garri in Nigeria.
If you are interested in gaining more knowledge about Intellectual Property you can register and these courses the DL101Ev2 – DL-101 General Course on Intellectual Property, PCT_101E – DL101PCT Distance Learning Course: Introduction to the Patent Cooperation Treaty, DL001E – DL-001 Primer on Intellectual Property online courses from the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Academy. Register
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